The Biology of Cognition lab was founded in 1960 by Humberto Maturana. Since then it has been a major spot of biological thinking in Chile. Besides experimental advances, much theoretical approaches have been developed at the BoC lab, such as the notion of Autopoiesis, Structural Determinism and Natural Drift, important contributions to systems biology. Many generations of biologists have been formed, including Francisco Varela, a co-author of the notion of autopoiesis, and most students have succesfully incorporated into mainstream research centers around the globe.

Current lines of research at the BoC lab are:

* Neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of the avian visual system.

* Attentional mechanisms in birds.

* Comparative neuroanatomy of the vertebrate visual system.

* Comparative neuroanatomy of the mammalian pheromonal system.

* Biomagnetism in pigeons.

* Conceptual biology (Autopoietic and (M,R) systems).

* Organic evolution (Epigenesis and Natural Drift).

* Developmental evolutionary biology.

* Molecular biology.

The BoC lab have several experimental facilities such as:

Setups for extracellular and intracellular recordings in brain slices.

Stereotaxic setups for recording in anesthetized and awake animals.

– Neuronal recording in behaving animals.

– Behavioral recording setups.

– Multichannel systems for acquisition and analysis.

Histology and immunoreaction facilities.

Optical and fluorescent microscopy.

– Neurolucida microscope and software.